一文搞定ArrayList、LinkedList、HashMap、HashSet -----源码解读之HashSet

一文搞定ArrayList、LinkedList、HashMap、HashSet -----源码解读之ArrayList
一文搞定ArrayList、LinkedList、HashMap、HashSet -----源码解读之LinkedList
一文搞定ArrayList、LinkedList、HashMap、HashSet -----源码解读之HashMap
一文搞定ArrayList、LinkedList、HashMap、HashSet -----源码解读之HashSet

总结 HashSet:

HashSet的底层是HashMap
并且HashSet中的set相当于在HashMap的key,而value则是new Object出来的常量
扩容条件则是按照HashMap的扩容规则进扩容

源码:

public class HashSet<E> extends AbstractSet<E> implements Set<E>, Cloneable, java.io.Serializable {
    @java.io.Serial
    static final long serialVersionUID = -5024744406713321676L; // 序列化版本号
    private transient HashMap<E,Object> map;                    // 底层采用HashMap进行存储
    
    private static final Object PRESENT = new Object();			// 作为HashMap中的value常量,而key则是真正set要存的数据
    
    
    public HashSet() {
        map = new HashMap<>(); // 直接创建一个HashMap
    }
    public HashSet(Collection<? extends E> c) {                         // 传入一个集合
        map = new HashMap<>(Math.max((int) (c.size()/.75f) + 1, 16));   // 创建一个带初始容量的HashMap
        addAll(c);                                                      // 将集合c中的元素添加进map中
    }
    public HashSet(int initialCapacity, float loadFactor) {
        map = new HashMap<>(initialCapacity, loadFactor);               // 带初始容量和扩容因子的map
    }
    public HashSet(int initialCapacity) {
        map = new HashMap<>(initialCapacity);                           // 带初始容量的map
    }

    HashSet(int initialCapacity, float loadFactor, boolean dummy) {     // 只在内部使用的构造方法,创建一个LinkedHashMap
        map = new LinkedHashMap<>(initialCapacity, loadFactor);
    }
    

    public Iterator<E> iterator() {
        return map.keySet().iterator();
    }
    public int size() {
        return map.size();              //返回map存有多少个元素
    }
    public boolean isEmpty() {
        return map.isEmpty();           // 判断map是否为空
    }
    public boolean contains(Object o) {
        return map.containsKey(o);      // 判断o是否在map中
    }
    public boolean add(E e) {
        return map.put(e, PRESENT)==null;// 添加元素,将数据作为key
    }
    public boolean remove(Object o) {
        return map.remove(o)==PRESENT;  // 移除元素
    }
    public void clear() {
        map.clear();                    // 清空map
    }

    @SuppressWarnings("unchecked")
    public Object clone() {
        try {
            HashSet<E> newSet = (HashSet<E>) super.clone(); // 拷贝HashSet
            newSet.map = (HashMap<E, Object>) map.clone();  // 拷贝map将map赋值给上面拷贝的HashSet中
            return newSet;                                  // 返回set
        } catch (CloneNotSupportedException e) {
            throw new InternalError(e);
        }
    }

    // 序列化
    @java.io.Serial
    private void writeObject(java.io.ObjectOutputStream s)
        throws java.io.IOException {
        s.defaultWriteObject();

        s.writeInt(map.capacity());
        s.writeFloat(map.loadFactor());

        s.writeInt(map.size());
        for (E e : map.keySet())
            s.writeObject(e);
    }

    // 反序列化
    @java.io.Serial
    private void readObject(java.io.ObjectInputStream s)
        throws java.io.IOException, ClassNotFoundException {
        s.defaultReadObject();
        int capacity = s.readInt();
        if (capacity < 0) {
            throw new InvalidObjectException("Illegal capacity: " + capacity);
        }
        float loadFactor = s.readFloat();
        if (loadFactor <= 0 || Float.isNaN(loadFactor)) {
            throw new InvalidObjectException("Illegal load factor: " + loadFactor);
        }
        int size = s.readInt();
        if (size < 0) {
            throw new InvalidObjectException("Illegal size: " + size);
        }
        capacity = (int) Math.min(size * Math.min(1 / loadFactor, 4.0f), HashMap.MAXIMUM_CAPACITY);

        SharedSecrets.getJavaObjectInputStreamAccess().checkArray(s, Map.Entry[].class, HashMap.tableSizeFor(capacity));

        map = (((HashSet<?>)this) instanceof LinkedHashSet ? new LinkedHashMap<>(capacity, loadFactor) : new HashMap<>(capacity, loadFactor));

        for (int i=0; i<size; i++) {
            @SuppressWarnings("unchecked")
                E e = (E) s.readObject();
            map.put(e, PRESENT);
        }
    }

    public Spliterator<E> spliterator() {
        return new HashMap.KeySpliterator<>(map, 0, -1, 0, 0);  // 获取key的迭代器
    }

    @Override
    public Object[] toArray() {
        return map.keysToArray(new Object[map.size()]);                                             // map的key转换为数组
    }

    @Override
    public <T> T[] toArray(T[] a) {
        return map.keysToArray(map.prepareArray(a));                                                // 带泛型的转换key为数组
    }
}
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